Balkans | Europe experiences hot winters after dry summers

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Balkans |  Europe experiences hot winters after dry summers

Winter in Europe is warm with higher than normal temperatures this year.

According to information collected by the AA reporter, in some European countries where record cold temperatures are experienced these days of the year under normal circumstances, thermometers showed 20 degrees Celsius, and sometimes even exceeded it.

While temperatures above seasonal norms gave Europeans an unusual New Year’s holiday experience, some countries enjoyed sunny weather.

Experts draw attention to the impact of climate change in this unusual weather situation, and warn of the dangers of this situation on the continent, which is witnessing a dry summer in 2022.

Spain

After a record-breaking fall temperature in Spain, winter is expected to be higher than seasonal normal.

According to data from the Institute of Meteorology (AEMET), the fall of 2022 was the warmest in Spain so far, with an average of 16.3°C across the country. AEMET announced that air temperatures in the fall are 3-4 degrees higher than normal.

In addition, the average precipitation of 152 liters per square meter shared across the country in autumn was 24 percent below normal and the drought continued.

Air temperatures, which persisted in the first days of winter and were 3-5 degrees higher than usual, made the Spaniards unusually enjoy Christmas and New Years.

According to statistics, Bilbao, which witnessed 25.1 degrees, had the hottest “January 1st” since 1948. Similarly, the hottest January 1st in the past 49 years was in the city of Vitoria (19.7 degrees), and the most The hottest January in the last 48 years is in Pamplona (18.8 degrees), and in the last 47 years it is in Valladolid (18 degrees).

Meteorologists comment that the “real winter” will start to set in from January 15th.

Winter in the Netherlands is mild

Due to the fact that temperatures in the Netherlands are higher than the seasonal norm, a warm winter is expected after the hottest autumn in recent years.

According to data shared by the Royal Meteorological Institute (KNMI), autumn 2022 was the fourth warmest autumn in the Netherlands, after 2018, 2005 and 1959, with an average of 12.1°C across the country.

In the KNMI statement, it was stated that although the average winter temperature has been 4 degrees lower since 1901, when meteorological data was kept, the average temperature rose to 5.8 in December 2022.

While average winter temperatures were measured at 2.6 between 1902-1930, 2.3 between 1931-1960, 2.7 between 1961-1990, and 3.9 between 1991-2020, the average temperature in winter 2023 will be 4.9 degrees. Surveillance recording.

The statement stated that the annual average temperature reached 11.6 degrees in 2022 with warm autumn and winter seasons, and stated that this rate is one degree higher than the average annual temperature measured since 1901.

He stated that an increase in average temperatures in winter is expected due to global warming.

The “highest temperature in January” was recorded in the northern Swiss Alps

In Switzerland, the temperatures in the first days of the year are higher than the seasonal norm.

On January 1, in the town of Delmont in the canton of Jura, north of the Swiss Alps, thermometers showed 20.9 degrees on January 1. This was recorded as the “highest January temperature ever in the north of the Swiss Alps”.

The previous record high temperature for January in the north of the Alps was 19.4 degrees on January 12, 1993 in the canton of Lucerne.

The temperature in the Uri canton on January 1st was 19.2°C.

The Swiss Meteorological Institute announced that the record temperature in Delmont was caused by hot winds blowing from the southwest and dry, warm winds from the Jura mountains, also known as the Voehne winds.

The Swiss Meteorological Institute indicated that the mild weather in Western Europe is due to the warm air coming from the Atlantic Ocean in eastern Florida.

In another European country, Liechtenstein, temperatures have reached around 20 degrees despite the month of January.

Italia

Meteorologists, who commented that “winter is still in the drawer” in Italy, reported that temperatures in the country were much higher than normal in autumn and early winter, similar to 1985.

As for Italy, which witnessed record high temperatures and drought problems in the summer of 2022, it also spent the period from October to November, which usually witnesses large amounts of precipitation, with less rain in 2022.

Experts have announced that due to record high temperatures, mosquitoes continue to appear in different regions from northern to southern Italy until December.

It was reported that air temperatures, which were much higher than normal during the Christmas and New Year periods, reached 25 degrees, especially in the central and southern regions of the country.

Noting that the air temperatures will start to drop from the second week of January, the experts stated that it is not yet known when the snowfall will start, which should already happen in the northern mountainous regions of the country.

According to statistics, the year 2023 is expected to pass in a similar way in Italy, which experienced the hottest and driest year in its history in 2022.

Poland

On the first day of the year in Poland, the air temperature reaches 19 degrees, causing the hottest month of January on record.

According to the statement issued by the Polish Meteorological Service, high temperatures were recorded on January 1 in most parts of the country, including the capital, Warsaw.

Air temperatures, which fell below minus 18 degrees in December 2022, reached 19 degrees on the first day of 2023. This was recorded as the hottest month of January on record.

Poland also saw the most snow in the past 10 years in December.

Greece

Temperatures last up to 20°C in Greece in December.

Many people preferred to take advantage of the beaches and the sun in most of the coastal areas, especially in the capital, Athens.

Experts predict that the cold weather will take effect from the second half of January.

High temperatures in the summer of 2022 in Greece caused forest fires.

Last year, nearly 200,000 acres of land across the country were reduced to ashes in wildfires. This figure corresponds to 46 percent of the annual average for the period 2006-2021.

Temperatures in England have been above average every month except for December last year. Although the end of December was milder and rainier, snowfall was also seen in most parts of the country.

Hungary

While the temperature was above seasonal norms in Hungary, the air temperature was 18.2 degrees on January 2.

The highest temperature was measured on January 2 at 16.4 degrees in 1992 in the city of Szentgotthard, in the measurements that have been made so far in the country.

It was also announced that the summer of 2022 in the country was the hottest since 1901 with an average of 22.8 degrees.

The driest period in the last 500 years in Europe

While the environmental problems caused by climate change are rapidly increasing the threat of drought around the world, the most amazing effects were seen on the European continent this summer.

Experts from the Joint Research Center (JRC) of the European Union Commission reported on August 23 that Europe has passed its 500-year drought.

In the report “Drought in Europe – August 2022” prepared by the Joint Research Center on the basis of analysis and data of the European Drought Observatory, it was stated that the alarming drought in July continued, and 47 percent of the European Union territory is still facing the “warning” situation in the European Union has It was noted that 17 of them had “alarming” dehydration.

Drought in Italy, Spain, France, Germany and England in Europe, which succumbed to the extreme heat and wildfires of the summer months, especially Spain, Portugal, France and Italy, alarmed the authorities and the public.

According to the JRC Drought in Europe 2022 report, it focuses on the possibility of the worst drought in the past 500 years across the continent.

According to the July 2022 Drought Report published by the Centre, including England, 44 percent of European lands are at risk of drought.

While 44 percent of the EU territory is at “Alert” level and 9 percent is at “Alert” level, Italy is the country most affected by drought in Europe. The most severe drought on the continent occurred in the Po River basin in this country.

According to the report, the occupancy rate of Spain’s water reserves is 31 percent lower than the average of the past ten years.

It is noteworthy that the water used in the production of hydroelectric power in Portugal has decreased by 50 percent in the past seven years.

Extreme heat adversely affects agriculture, especially in France, Romania, Spain, Portugal and Italy.

Europe is fighting forest fires

In the fires that raged between January and September in the countries of the European Union, nearly 750,000 hectares of land were reduced to ashes.

According to data from the European Forest Fire Information System, from January 1 to September 3, 750 thousand hectares of area were burned in fires in European Union countries. The area burned in the period 2006-2021 was 260,000 hectares per year.

In August alone, the area burned was measured at more than 508 thousand hectares. The average amount in the past fifteen years was 215 thousand hectares.

The European Union (EU) Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) also reported that fires in Europe caused the highest carbon emissions in the last 15 years per summer on the continent.

Between June 1 and August 31, fires in European Union countries and the United Kingdom generated 6.4 megatons of carbon.

This amount of carbon, generated by fires in France and the Iberian Peninsula, was recorded as the highest level ever measured in summer since 2007.

In the summer, carbon emissions in France and Spain rose to the highest level in the last 20 years.

AA

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