Balkans | European Union leaders disagree on migration

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Balkans |  European Union leaders disagree on migration

The EU has been unable to resolve the dispute over new common immigration and asylum rules due to opposition from Poland and Hungary.

At the two-day summit meeting in Brussels, the capital of Belgium, EU leaders were unable to accept a joint statement on migration.

According to the “Solidarity Mechanism” proposed by the EU Commission and approved by the eligible majority at the beginning of the month, the rules providing for the mandatory distribution of migrants in each EU country, otherwise member states have to pay 20,000 euros each for an inadmissible migrant , came from Poland and Hungary.

While a joint statement was published on every other issue on the summit agenda, only a document signed by the President of the European Council, Charles Michel, on migration was shared.

In the document, Michel noted that “Poland and Hungary have declared that there is a need for reconciliation on an effective migration and asylum policy, that the distribution of migrants within the scope of solidarity measures should be on a voluntary basis and that any kind of solidarity offered should be evaluated equally.” Use the phrase.

In the press conference held after the end of the summit, Michel said that Hungary and Poland, which have received a large number of Ukrainian refugees, want to adopt the new rules unanimously and not by a qualified majority.

But the President of the European Union Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, called the consensus among EU interior ministers on the aforementioned rules by a qualified majority at the beginning of the month a “turning point”.

Von der Leyen stated that work on this issue will continue in the coming days and said:

We must bring down the criminal networks of smugglers and traffickers who take advantage of people’s desperation. We must develop alternative ways to help people come to the EU in safe ways. We must cooperate with third countries in areas related to investment, for example renewable energies and education. We aim to increase cooperation with these countries against smuggling of migrants and work for return. We have a clear concept of supporting talent programs to create legal pathways to Europe.”

Since the migration crisis in 2015, the European Union has been looking for solutions on how to distribute asylum seekers among member states and how to send back those whose asylum claims have been rejected. The “Migration and Asylum Package” prepared by the EU Commission for this purpose cannot be accepted due to the different positions of the Member States.

2022 has been recorded as “the year in which the European Union received an unprecedented level of irregular migration since the migration crisis”. There were 330,000 irregular entries into the EU in 2022, an increase of 64 per cent compared to the previous year. Accordingly, the European Union has returned the issue of immigration to its main agenda.


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