Balkans | Kosovo and Serbia begin negotiations on the implementation of the Ohrid Agreement

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Balkans |  Kosovo and Serbia begin negotiations on the implementation of the Ohrid Agreement

Noting that representatives of Kosovo and Serbia will begin negotiations on the implementation of the Ohrid Agreement in Brussels tomorrow, the European Union urged the parties to refrain from taking actions on the ground that would overshadow the talks.

Peter Stano, a spokesperson for the European Union Commission, announced that the main negotiators of Serbia and Kosovo, two sides of the EU-mediated Belgrade-Pristina dialogue, will meet in Brussels tomorrow.

Pointing out that the two parties will meet for the first time since the Ohrid agreement, Stano said, “We expect the parties to contribute to normalization and create the appropriate climate for the rapid implementation of the commitments made, especially in Brussels at the end of February and then in Ohrid in mid-March.” He said.

Stano urged the parties to refrain from any actions that would destabilize this atmosphere, “We hope that what we have witnessed in Kosovo in recent days will not affect the course of tomorrow’s negotiations.” He said.

Stating that the negotiations will focus on implementing the commitments contained in the Ohrid Agreement and its annexes, Stano mentioned the following in a question about “burning vehicles with a ‘Republic of Kosovo’ license plate in northern Kosovo, so the agreement did not change anything on the ground”:

No crisis can be resolved by agreement alone. That’s about the app. This is why the EU is very clear and determined to put pressure on both sides to get it started. This transaction can only work with the app.

Relations between Serbia and Kosovo

Kosovar Prime Minister Albin Kurti and Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic agreed on an agreement that would normalize relations between the two countries in negotiations that lasted nearly 12 hours in Ohrid, North Macedonia, on March 18, mediated by the European Union.

The 11-point agreement that will normalize relations between Kosovo and Serbia, which was made public, does not force Serbia to recognize Kosovo’s independence, but requires both countries to recognize each other’s official documents and symbols, including passports, diplomas and license plates. . Kosovo is required to establish a “Federation of Serb Municipalities” which will have self-government rights in settlements where most Serbs live in the country.

Although Kosovo is recognized as an independent country by 117 countries, it is described as one of Europe’s “frozen conflict zones” due to persistent ethnic tensions in its north and its inability to become a member of the United Nations.

Serbia considers Kosovo, which unilaterally declared its independence in 2008, to be its territory.

Serbia and Kosovo, which clash periodically, are trying to find a common way to normalize relations, and eventually the two countries get to know each other, within the scope of the Belgrade-Pristina dialogue process initiated in 2011 with the mediation of the European Union.


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