Balkans | The process of forming a multi-party coalition in Bulgaria has come to a standstill

Home » Balkans | The process of forming a multi-party coalition in Bulgaria has come to a standstill
Balkans |  The process of forming a multi-party coalition in Bulgaria has come to a standstill

The failure to form a government after 4 consecutive elections in Bulgaria, one of the weakest and poorest members of the European Union, has chronicled the political crisis.

After the October 2022 elections, 7 parties that won the right to representation in Parliament were unable to set aside differences and form a coalition government, and voters will have to go to the polls for the fifth time in the past two years.

President Romain Radev finally gave the task of forming a government. The pro-Russian Bulgarian Socialist Party, which has 24 seats in parliament and operates politics in line with the former Bulgarian Communist Party, has not received support from other parties.

Accordingly, Radev set April 2 as the date for early general elections yesterday, and announced by another decree that he would dissolve Parliament from February 3.

What is the constitutional procedure?

According to the Bulgarian constitution, when a government crisis occurs, the president first tasks the party, which is the largest group in parliament, with forming the government.

Then it commissions the second largest party and, for the third and final time, another party, in line with its choice, to form the government before early elections are held.

If no government is formed in the process, the country goes to early general elections again.

How did the process evolve?

According to the constitutional practice called “parliamentary roulette” in the country, if the largest political party cannot form a government, this task passes to the second largest party in Parliament.

Citizens for European Development in Bulgaria, led by former Prime Minister Boyko Borisov in the 48th 240-member parliament, failed to form a government in the process.

With regard to Borisov, the leader of the Gerb party, which ruled the country for 12 years in the past, the former prime minister did not become a deputy due to the perception of a “representative of the underworld” in society. But other parties in parliament refused to negotiate an alliance with the Reform Party and Southwest as long as Borisov was party leader.

The Continuing Change party, headed by former Prime Minister Kirill Petkov, who was tasked with forming the government after the Reform and South party, failed and failed in its efforts to form a coalition that could obtain a vote of confidence from parliament. Formation of the government.

In the final stage of the process, Kornili Nenova, leader of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) aligned with the Bulgarian Communist Party, which was deposed in Bulgaria in 1989, was unable to gain support from Parliament to form a government.

5 general elections in two years

Citizens of Bulgaria, one of the poorest countries in the European Union, are pessimistic ahead of the fifth general elections to be held in the past two years.

Turnout in the new elections to be held on April 2 is expected to be very low.

The political crisis in Bulgaria began in the 45th parliamentary session formed after the general elections in April 2021.

Unable to reach a consensus on the formation of the government between the parties, Bulgarian voters went to the polls for early elections three times in July and November 2021 and also in October 2022.

The country has been governed by provisional governments set up by Radev since April 2021, as no government has been formed with a vote of confidence from Parliament.

Meanwhile, Radev appointed various political parties with representation in parliament 12 times to form the government.


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