Balkans | The world is concerned about new variants and outbreaks with the spread of Covid-19 in China

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Balkans |  The world is concerned about new variants and outbreaks with the spread of Covid-19 in China

With the epidemic gradually spreading in China, the world is concerned that this spread will reveal dangerous new variants and cause new waves of epidemics in other countries.

After the Beijing administration announced that restrictions under the Border Health and Quarantine Law would be lifted from January 8 and open their borders to the outside world, many countries announced that they would take measures for travelers from China.

China is facing the largest spread of COVID-19 in the world after easing measures. Millions of new cases and thousands of deaths are estimated each day, as health authorities stop disclosing the daily numbers of cases, deaths and patients. The growing density of hospitals, clinics, morgues and crematoriums reveals the seriousness of the epidemic picture.

On the other hand, the World Health Organization (WHO) and international health authorities draw attention to the lack of information exchange and require the Beijing administration to transparently share data on the number of cases and deaths, genetic characteristics of virus variants, treatment and vaccination status.

The measures were relaxed, and the epidemic reappeared

China, where the first cases in the Covid-19 epidemic were seen in the city of Wuhan, in the central part of the country, at the end of 2019, was the country where the first patients presented to hospitals with a complaint of a mysterious respiratory disease of unknown cause and the first deaths occurred in those days.

China has been able to control the virus for a long time through the strict prevention and control measures called “zero cases” that it has implemented since the beginning of the epidemic, but these measures, which cause great economic losses, cannot continue in daily life due to the frequent epidemics caused by highly contagious variants. such as delta and omicron.

While the Joint Mechanism for Epidemic Protection and Control of the State Council announced the new approach to be adopted in implementing COVID-19 measures on December 7, 2022, restrictions such as large-scale lockdown, centralized quarantine, travel ban, asymptomatic or asymptomatic cases will be abandoned. She has mild symptoms and their close contacts and has stated that he can remain in home quarantine from now on.

The change in approach, which completely eliminated the metal legs on which the zero-state policy was based, was a “complete turn” in terms of implementation. After the change was announced, the easing of measures and lifting of restrictions started one after another across the country.

But the sudden change took the country by surprise. And while the epidemic reappeared with the easing of measures, the virus spread rapidly, and many people fell ill. While the number of cases has increased so high that no records can be kept, there has been a massive overcrowding of hospitals and emergency care clinics.

The largest spread of Covid-19 ever

According to estimates by Airfinity, a London-based health data services and analysis company, the number of daily cases in the country exceeded one million in mid-December, while 18.6 million people were infected with Covid-19 during the month. The company estimates that the daily death toll reached 9,000 by the end of December.

According to the model developed by the company with data collected from the states, two waves are expected in the next three months in the epidemic. The first wave, which is expected to drive the increase in cases in the capital, Beijing, and major cities in Guangdong province, is expected to peak in mid-January 2023, and the second wave, which is expected to occur with the spread. of cases in the provinces after the Chinese New Year holidays, it is expected to peak at the beginning of March 2023. The number of daily cases is expected to rise to 3.7 million in the first wave and reach 4.2 million in the second wave.

On the other hand, Airfinity expects 1.3 to 2.1 million people to die in a similar epidemic in mainland China, with the projection based on the number of deaths in the epidemic caused by Omicron’s BA.1 sub-variant, which lasted from the end of February to May in Hong Kong.

Case and prognosis estimates indicate that China is facing the “largest ever in a single country” of the COVID-19 outbreak. The largest spread ever in a single country in a pandemic wave was seen in the United States in January 2022, when the number of daily cases topped 900,000.

Similar predictions were made in a study published by Chinese researchers in the scientific journal Frontiers of Medicine with support from the Ministry of Education. Researchers reported that the epidemic reached its peak in major cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangkou and Chongqing, and it is expected to spread mostly to medium-sized cities and then to rural settlements from the New Year until the Spring Festival, which will start on the day. Jan 22.

The virus is expected to spread during the Spring Festival holiday, the traditional celebration of the Chinese New Year, in provinces as migrants travel in major cities to visit their hometowns, and epidemics spread in these areas where the health system is inadequate. Because of the evolving differences between regions may cause more loss of life.

The world is watching anxiously

On the other hand, many countries expressed concern about the increase in cases and their spread en masse with China easing measures and announcing that it would open its borders, and stated that it would take measures for travelers coming from China.

On December 26, the National Health Commission announced that COVID-19 would cease to be considered a “class A pandemic” from January 8, 2023, and restrictions under the Border Health and Quarantine Act would be lifted. While passport and visa procedures, which were suspended due to the pandemic, have resumed, restrictions on international flights have been lifted.

After the announcement, countries including the United States of America, India, Japan, Malaysia, Italy, Spain, France, the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada announced that they would take measures to test and monitor their health status for travelers from China and their regions.

Warning from the World Health Organization

The WHO also indicated the lack of information sharing in the face of rising cases in an online meeting with China’s National Health Commission and Center for Disease Prevention and Control on December 30, 2022.

WHO mandates from its Chinese interlocutors the “regular transmission of specific, real-time data on the situation of the epidemic”, DNA sequencing of virus samples, and data on the impact of the disease, including hospital admissions, admissions to the intensive care unit, deaths, immunogenicity and vaccination especially in the population. Over the age of sixty and asked to share data about his condition.

“The WHO emphasized that regular monitoring and timely dissemination of data will enable China and the international community to conduct accurate risk assessments and develop effective responses,” the organization said in a statement about the meeting. Data included.

After removing the testing requirement, China stopped publishing daily Kovid-19 data on the grounds that tracking cases had become difficult, and also announced that only deaths in which the main cause of death was pneumonia and respiratory failure would be counted from Kovid-19, by introducing a criterion New in keeping death statistics.

The Chinese administration has been criticized for not reporting to global health authorities in a timely manner with the onset of the epidemic, and thus the lack of transparency in its efforts to investigate the origin of the virus. The delegation sent by the World Health Organization to Wuhan in 2021 to investigate the origin of the virus complained that they had no access to raw data on the first cases and victims.

Demand transparency in data sharing

In a phone call with his Chinese counterpart, Fang Yi, on December 22, 2022, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken drew attention to the importance of “transparency regarding COVID-19 for the international community.”

Stella Kyriakides, member of the European Commission responsible for health and food safety, stated that there is not enough reliable information and test data about the picture of the epidemic in China and recommended that EU countries expand studies on genetic sequencing by increasing wastewater left over from passengers on board planes and other tests after restrictions. Travel.

Spanish Health Minister Carolina Daria also noted that the widespread spread in China could lead to the emergence of new variants, “given the health situation in the country, we know the importance of acting in coordination but most importantly quickly.” Make an evaluation.

AA

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