While the global population growth rate has decreased, the world population has exceeded 8 billion.
With the adoption of the proposal submitted by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to the United Nations General Assembly in 1989, July 11 is celebrated every year as “World Population Day” in order to draw attention to problems related to population. In the world.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) raises awareness of population and development issues by drawing attention to important population-related issues on the 11th of July each year.
While the world population reached 6 billion in 1999, 7 billion in 2011, and 8 billion in 2022, according to United Nations data, the current figure has exceeded 8 billion, according to the “State of World Population 2023 Report” issued by the IMF. United Nations Population.
According to the report, the largest country in the world in terms of population was India, with a population of 1 billion 428 million 600 thousand people.
Followed by China with a billion 425 million 700 thousand, then the United States with a population of 340 million.
Looking at the average human lifespan, the report found that men live an average of 71 years, and women an average of 76 years.
The increase in the world’s population will be concentrated in 8 countries
According to data from the United Nations Population Fund, it is estimated that the increase in the world’s population will be concentrated in 8 countries. It is noteworthy that these countries will be the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.
These countries are expected to account for half of the projected increase in the world’s population by 2050.
Turkey ranks 18th in the world and has a population of over 85 million.
According to the data of the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK), Turkey ranked 18th among 194 countries and has a population of 85 million 279 thousand 553 people.
Türkiye’s population is 1.1% of the world’s total population.
While the world population is increasing, the population growth rate is decreasing
According to estimates in the “World Population Prospects 2022” report issued by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), the world will host 8.5 billion people in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.4 billion in 2100. .
Emphasizing that the world’s population is constantly increasing, but the rate of increase is declining, the report draws attention to the fact that population growth will continue with the fertility rate remaining at high levels after death rates have decreased, and to a decline in fertility. It may cause a decrease in the rate of increase.
Migrations are an important factor in population distribution.
In some parts of the world, international migration has become an important factor in population exchange and the distribution of population over regions.
Migration through Syria to countries such as Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon has had a fundamental role in changing the populations of these countries.
Countries like Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Venezuela and Myanmar have migrated abroad in large numbers.
According to information collected by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) from local sources, there have been significant changes in the population in Ukraine due to the war.
As the conflict situation in the country forces people to leave their homes in search of safety, protection and assistance, according to current data, there are more than 6 million Ukrainian refugees in different parts of the world.
According to United Nations data, Türkiye hosts more than 45,000 Ukrainian refugees.
The population tends to be declining in some countries
In China, which India lost the title of the most populous country in the world, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics (UIB), the population of mainland China has reached 1 billion 412 million 600 thousand. In 2021, while the population was 1 billion 411 million 800 in 2022. It decreased to a thousand.
In China’s modern history, the year 2022 has been designated as the “Year of Least Births”.
In the “World Population Prospects 2022” report, it is estimated that the Chinese population will enter an “absolute decline process” from the beginning of 2023 and will drop to 1 billion 317 million in 2050 and 766 million at the end of the century.
According to data from the National Institute for Population and Security Studies of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Japan’s population, which was 126.1 million in 2020, will drop to less than 100 million in 2056.
According to the World Population Prospects 2022 report, the largest relative population decline is expected by 2050 among countries with a population of more than half a million in Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Serbia and Ukraine.
According to data shared by the Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (NSI) in 2022, the population in Bulgaria has decreased by 11 percent in recent years.
While it has been determined that the country’s population has decreased and the population is aging as a result of migration, it has been observed that some areas have been affected by this situation.
According to the data published by the National Institute of Statistics, nearly 2.5 million Bulgarian citizens emigrated after 2007 to various countries of the world, especially members of the European Union, benefiting from the right of free movement.
Bulgarian experts state that the low birth rate, high death rate, and emigration abroad are problematic for the population in the country.
The Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia indicated that according to the population census data for October 2022, the country’s population decreased by 6.9 percent compared to the last census in 2011, to 6 million 690 thousand 887.
The country’s population has declined in all other regions except the Belgrade District, which also includes the capital, Belgrade.
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