Balkans | This is how 2022 passed in the world

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Balkans |  This is how 2022 passed in the world

The start of the Russo-Ukrainian War on February 24, the death of Queen Elizabeth II of England at the age of 96, the grain shipping agreement between Turkey, Ukraine, Russia and the United Nations are among the events that mark 2022.

The demonstrations, which began in western Kazakhstan on January 2, over the rise in LPG prices and the worsening socio-economic situation in the country, have spread to other parts of the country. Kazakhstan’s President Kasymkumart Tokayev accepted the resignation of the government, which he blamed for the protests. As the protests spread, a state of emergency was declared across the country from January 5-19.

Kazakhstan announced that it was facing an attack by terrorist groups with foreign links, and requested the support of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), of which it is a member, in accordance with Articles 3 and 4 of the agreements signed in 1992 and 2007. . 225 people lost their lives in the events within 10 days. National mourning was declared on January 10 for those who lost their lives in the events that turned protests into clashes across the country. With protesters occupying public buildings and using weapons, the Astana administration ordered security forces into action. About 10,000 people have been arrested over the events.

The volcano, located on Hunga Ha’apai Island, north of Nuku’alofa, the capital of Tonga, which is made up of about 170 islands in the Pacific Ocean, began activity on January 15 and began spewing ash, steam and gas. And issued “tsunami” warnings for Tonga, New Zealand, the United States, Canada, Chile and Japan after the explosion, and hit almost all the islands of Tonga. He stated that the eruptions in the volcano were 7 times more intense than its activity in 2021.

The debate over the long-standing ban on headscarves began in the Indian state of Karnataka on January 1, when Muslim students at the state-owned Udupi College for Women donned headscarves. In other schools in Karnataka, when Muslim students wore headscarves in classes, Hindu students reacted and started attending classes in saffron shawls. In the January 19 meeting between school principals, government officials, students and their families in Udupi, no solution was reached and 5 female students started protests outside the school.

The state government set up an expert committee on January 26. Until the committee expresses its opinion, the veiled female students were required to abide by the dress code and enter the school without the veil. The students appealed to the Karnataka High Court on January 31, arguing that hijab is a fundamental right enshrined in the Indian constitution. The court said she would not be able to enter schools wearing headscarves until the decision was announced. The chief justice also directed the authorities to continue the training, which was interrupted due to tensions against the headscarf ban in the state. The Supreme Court disagreed after two judges disagreed over banning headscarves in schools.

It was revealed that Pegasus spyware, developed by the Israeli cybersecurity firm NSO Group, is being used around the world for espionage activities such as wiretapping phone conversations, recording audio, tracing emails, and taking photos from phones without users’ knowledge. He stated that many people in Azerbaijan, El Salvador, France, England, Poland, Hungary, India, Kazakhstan, Rwanda, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Palestine and Jordan were monitored with Pegasus spyware.

Russian President Vladimir Putin “Special military operation in Donbass, eastern Ukraine” announced its launch. Thus began the war between Russia and Ukraine. Martial law and general mobilization were declared in Ukraine.

In response to Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine, many countries have included anti-Russian sanctions, evacuating their citizens from the country and expelling Russian diplomats from their lands. Russian politicians and businessmen, especially Putin, have been the target of EU and some countries’ sanctions. And the Moscow administration also decided to impose sanctions on these countries or expel their diplomats from the country, as required by reciprocity. NATO leaders meeting at the extraordinary summit condemned Russia’s “total invasion” of Ukraine. The Russian Federation vetoed the resolution condemning the attacks in Ukraine in the February 26 vote in the United Nations Security Council.

In the presidential elections held in France, none of the 12 candidates was able to obtain the absolute majority of 50 percent required in the first round, while President Emmanuel Macron, who came in first place in the first round, competed with runner-up Marine Le Pen. The second round held on April 24. Macron became president again with 58.54 percent of the vote.

And while the number of COVID-19 cases worldwide in this period exceeded 500 million, the Islamic world entered the month of Ramadan with enthusiasm. Muslims, who were unable to pray in congregation due to the measures taken against the COVID-19 pandemic, performed the first Tarawih prayers in mosques after two years.

More than 180 people were injured when the occupation police stormed Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem, which increased pressure on the Palestinians. Muslims in many countries protested the raid, which was condemned by countries including Palestine, Jordan, Egypt and Algeria. The United Nations said in a statement that the Israeli army killed 19 Palestinian civilians in the West Bank in April.

Facing the worst economic crisis in its history, Sri Lanka has failed to pay its outstanding debts for the first time and defaulted. With the escalation of anti-government protests in the country during this period, the Ministry of Defense instructed the army to open fire on all those who caused damage to public property or others during the demonstrations.

A tripartite memorandum was signed between Turkey, Sweden and Finland regarding NATO membership operations for Sweden and Finland in the presence of the leaders of the three countries.

1,150 people lost their lives and at least 1,600 people were injured in the earthquake in eastern Afghanistan’s Paktika province. It was reported that nearly 3,000 homes were destroyed or severely damaged in the quake.

England’s Queen Elizabeth II has died at the age of 96 at Balmoral Castle in Scotland. While fans mourned the death of the Queen, mourning was declared in some countries. About 250,000 people visited Queen Elizabeth’s coffin in Westminster Hall, where she remained until her funeral.

The official burial of Elizabeth II took place on September 19 in the historic Westminster Abbey, with the participation of many senior government officials from around the world. The body of the queen, who was said to have died of “old age”, is in Ste. St. George’s Church He was buried in a private ceremony attended by family members. After the death of the queen, her 73-year-old son, Charles, ascended the throne and became King of England.

As the election winds blow over Japan’s upper house, Shinzo Abe, the country’s longest-serving prime minister, has been shot in the chest during his speech at an outdoor event in support of the election of the LDP candidate. Campaign at Nara on 8 July. A state funeral ceremony for Abe, who died in the hospital where he was taken with serious injuries, was held on September 27 with the participation of nearly 700 foreign delegations, including Mevlut Cavusoglu.

The death of 22-year-old Mohsa Amini, who fell ill and was hospitalized after being detained by the Guidance Patrols known as the “morality police” in the Iranian capital, Tehran, on the grounds that she “did not comply with the rules of hijab,” on September 16, sparked protests not only in the country but also in many cities around the world. Hundreds of people lost their lives and were injured or arrested in the demonstrations that continued for months and the flames did not stop in Iran.

While the production and supply of wheat, which is one of the first domesticated grains in the world, faced problems mainly due to climate change, the war in Ukraine, called the “breadbasket” in Europe, was added to these problems. When the war deepened the wheat crisis, thanks to a grain shipment agreement signed on July 22 between Turkey, Ukraine, Russia and the United Nations, many countries welcomed the departure of the first ship from the port of Odessa on August 1. international organizations.

The visit of US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and his congressional delegation to Taiwan provoked China’s reaction. Viewing Taiwan as part of its territory, China said, “(Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan) This behavior is very dangerous, like playing with fire. Whoever plays with fire will burn himself.” made a statement. After the visit, China conducted military exercises around the island using real weapons and ammunition.

The US Central Command (CENTCOM) announced the death of Abu al-Hasan al-Hashimi al-Quraishi, who became the leader of ISIS after the killing of Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Quraishi.

156 people died in a stampede at Halloween events held in Seoul, the capital of South Korea. The stampede occurred in Itaewon district, one of Seoul’s entertainment hubs. Images of people piled on top of each other in a narrow street and tried to be brought back to life with heart massages by roadside health officials have become the subject of the world’s agenda. Some of those who lost their lives were diagnosed with sudden cardiac arrest.

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) reports that the world population has reached 8 billion as of November 15. According to the report published by the United Nations Population Fund, it is estimated that the world population will reach 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.4 billion in 2100.

Produced in a laboratory setting, blood produced by scientists from Bristol, Cambridge and London, England, has been transfused into a human for the first time as part of a clinical study. The transplant took place thanks to work done on the red blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs to the body.

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