The War of Independence, which began with the landing of the great leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Samsun on May 19, 1919, resulted in a major victory on September 9, 1922, forcing the Greek armies to leave Izmir. To this date, the period of heated conflict has ended and negotiations have begun to reach a permanent peace agreement. After negotiations that began on April 23, 1922 and lasted for 3 months, in Lausanne, Switzerland, between representatives of the Great National Assembly of England, France, the USSR, Japan, Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia, Greece, Belgium, Portugal and Turkey, a treaty was signed, which he will record. History as the “Lausanne Peace Treaty”. With the agreement signed by Ismet Inonu on behalf of Turkey, the entire world recognized Turkey’s independence and its current borders. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of our republic, emphasized the importance of the treaty.This treaty is a document announcing the collapse of a great destruction attempt against the Turkish nation, which had been prepared for centuries and is believed to have been completed with the Treaty of Sevres.“Expressed in his own words…
However, in the following years, the Lausanne Peace Treaty became one of the most talked about topics in Turkey, around which most allegations, speculations, and lies were produced. In other words, the Lausanne Peace Treaty has become Turkey’s greatest urban legend over the years! Some clips were pumping out the big lie that Lausanne had secret materials, and saying that Turkey could not extract minerals and oil because of the treaty! However, another oft-told lies about the treaty is that Lausanne will expire in 2023 and the “secret” clauses will come into force! Here comes the projected year 2023. But the Treaty of Lausanne still stands! Ali Kemal Erdem interviewed historian Mustafa Solak for the independent Turkish magazine. Let’s take a look at the inside of Turkey’s biggest urban legend together…
The most common allegations about Lausanne, or rather the most common lies, are undoubtedly the title of “Lausanne Secret Articles”!
Those who have been repeating this lie for years say that Lausanne contains secret materials and that these secret materials prevent the extraction of precious metals and oil in Turkey. One of the most frequently circulated lies about Lausanne is that the treaty will expire in 2023, 100 years after it was signed. For this reason, the year 2023, which we met a few days ago, has been the scene of many posts that have ridiculed this lie about Lausanne, especially on social media …
Lies about the Lausanne Peace Treaty have been on the country’s agenda for a long time.
The lies have been repeated by circles for many years, including some names that have circulated in the guise of historians for many years. For this reason, Lausanne’s lies are widely accepted as true. Particularly in today’s day, when the Internet has become a part of everyday life, new things are being added to both Lausanne’s lies and the people the lies reach.
So much so that last March, a citizen came to the fore by asking the Presidential Communications Center (CIMER) if there was classified material in Lausanne. Of course, the response from the presidential call center is There are no secret articles in the Lausanne Peace Treaty, and there is no article that would prevent us from excavating.He was in shape.
Ideological obsessions and ignorance have a role in Lausanne’s lies becoming Turkey’s biggest urban legend.
Because these lies have been consciously and systematically expressed over the years by those who criticize Atatürk, secularism and the unitary structure. Accordingly, ignorance in the field of history and the desire to settle accounts with the founding values of the Republic took the form of “Lausanne lies” … But how did Lausanne lie, which became the largest of Turkey? An urban legend through the years, come on?
Historian Mustafa Solak says that the legend of secret materials in Lausanne first appeared in the 1940s.
According to Solak, the claim of a secret treaty consisting of an Additional Protocol of 21 articles, apart from the text of the Lausanne Peace Treaty, dates back to the 1940s. The roots of these allegations lie in those who tried to distort the history of the republic, wanted to show Atatürk as a British gentleman, and claimed that the caliphate and the sultanate were given up in return for the treaty. An attempt to create an alternate history Existing.
Lausanne’s secret clauses and the lie that the agreement will expire in 2023 are all too common. But among the lies there is also a lesser-known and somewhat unusual one!
One of them is that our control of the straits will end on April 25, 2023. Apart from that, there are interesting lies, such as the transfer of Hagia Sophia to the Patriarchate, and that some provisions of the Treaty of Sevres will enter into force after 2023. One of the most interesting lies is that the secret materials are in Lausanne Autographed in the coal chest of the Beau-Rivage Palace Hotel!
According to historian Mustafa Solak, Lausanne lies find buyers from very different segments of society!
Because these lies have been on the agenda for a long time in different periods and are often repeated by different sectors. So much so that there are teachers who have had history lessons their entire teaching lives among those who think Lausanne is lying! For this reason, Soulak states that it is necessary to be careful about Lausanne’s lies. Because lies also have a very dangerous function of polarizing society.
Turkey’s biggest urban legend is being used to raise a question mark over Atatürk and republican values
Lausanne’s lies are systematically used by some to denigrate the republic’s founding values. According to Sulak, with slanders that are repeated one after another and that are constantly brought up on the agenda, it becomes easy to at least create a question mark about foundational values… That is why Lausanne remains Turkey’s biggest urban legend.
On the other hand, according to Solak, it is necessary to seriously combat these lies in order to prevent social polarization. Because anyone who believes these lies is unlikely to be malicious. In other words, the number of people who think Lausanne lies due to lack of information is very high. This is why educators especially need to actively fight lies and correct misinformation in society.
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