There are many important events in Turkish history. Especially the political developments in the Ottoman era are still debated today. The Bab Ali raid, which took place in the Ottoman era, is just one of these important events. The reason for the Bab Ali raid is still debated among historians. So what was the Bab Ali raid, why was it done and who carried out the Bab Ali raid? We’ll tell you what you need to know about this event that you often wonder about.
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What is Bab Ali Raed?
This raid is a military coup that took place on January 23, 1913, when members of the Union and Progress led by Talat Bey and Enver Bey stormed the government building in Bab Ali in the Ottoman Empire. During the incident, the Grand Vizier Kamil Pasha was forced to resign and Minister of War Nazim Pasha was killed. Later, the government of Mahmud Shaukat Pasha was formed and the Committee of Union and Progress took over the administration.
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Why was Bab Ali raided?
The raid was conducted with the idea that Kamil Pasha, who had led the government during the First Balkan War, would leave Edirne to the Bulgarians due to his failure in the war and bowing to international pressure. Kamil Pasha and his cabinet tried to solve the existing problems by political means through a cease-fire with the Balkan countries in the days when the military coup took place. The Bulgarians had asked Kamel Pasha to withdraw the Ottoman elements from Edirne and to surrender the city completely. After that, the Committee of Union and Progress staged a coup, believing that Kamil Pasha would give all of Edirne to the Bulgarians.
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consequences of this event
After the raid was over, the Committee of Union and Progress brought a person of their choosing to the post of Grand Vizier. However, soon after the raid, the Balkan states, seeing this turmoil as an opportunity, went on the offensive and on March 26, Bulgaria managed to occupy Edirne. After the signing of the Treaty of London on June 10, 1913, the Ottoman Empire lost all the Balkan lands on the Midi-Enz line. secondly. With the start of the Balkan War, Bulgaria was attacked, thus the Confederation and Progress succeeded in recapturing Edirne.
Mahmud evket Pasha, who was transferred to the post of Grand Vizier after the raid, was killed in 1913. Thereupon the Committee of Union and Progress defeated those who disagreed with them and had the opportunity to obtain full power. Thus, the Union and Progress took over the administration of the country and Talat Bey was promoted to the Grand Ministry in 1917.
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