What you need to know about the Nubian pyramids

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What you need to know about the Nubian pyramids

The pyramids, the mysterious royal tombs of thousands of years ago, still amaze millions of people today and take the breath away of those who see them closely. However, when it comes to the pyramids, many people think of the Giza pyramids in Egypt. Yes, it is quite natural that Egypt, which is home to the most amazing heritage of ancient Egypt, is identified with the pyramids. However, when it comes to the pyramids, it is worth noting that there is much more fertile land in the world than in Egypt. The Nubian Desert in the northern part of Sudan is home to more than 200 pyramids called the Nubian Pyramids.

Moreover, some of these pyramids are believed to have been built hundreds of years before the pyramids of ancient Egypt. But it’s hard to say that these structures of great historical importance get the value they deserve, given the popularity of their Egyptian counterparts. Ok but why? Here’s what you need to know about the Nubian pyramids.

The Nubian pyramids are located in the deserts of the Nubian region opposite the area between Aswan in Egypt and Khartoum in Sudan.

It is known that more than 250 pyramids were built in this vast desert land of Sudan.

The Nubian pyramids were built between 700 BC and 350 BC

As in ancient Egypt, in Sudan these unique structures were also used as “tombs of a king”.

The territory of present-day Sudan has been ruled by the “Kingdom of Birds” for thousands of years.

The Nubian pyramids are one of the historical structures that have survived from this kingdom. According to some accounts, around 750 BC, after the fall of the Twenty-Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, the Kingdom of Kush took over the region. The Nubian king Alara ruled in what is today Sudan. The first pyramids were built in 700 BC.

The rapid expansion and enrichment of the Kingdom of Kush led to an increase in the number of pyramids in Sudan.

The Kingdom of Kush continued to build pyramids in the desert regions of Sudan until it was defeated by the Kingdom of Aksum in 330 BC and merged into the dusty pages of history.

Academic studies of the Nubian pyramids only began in the mid-nineteenth century

Nubian pyramids

Prior to the mid-19th century, many of the ancient pyramids were at the mercy of thieves, robbers, and treasure hunters. So much so that in the 1830s, an Italian explorer named Giuseppe Ferlini smashed the tops of 40 pyramids to find hidden treasures…

After years of looting and pillage, the Nubian pyramids have been almost completely evacuated

For this reason, no significant historical artifacts have been found inside the buildings. However, as a result of their investigations, the scientists were able to discover some interesting things about the Nubian pyramids.

The Nubian pyramids have some very interesting and different features compared to the pyramids in Egypt.

For example, these pyramids built in the deserts of Sudan had much smaller bases than their Egyptian counterparts. Its sides are also steeper than those of Egypt. However, there are other very interesting differences between the pyramids of the two countries.

The burial chambers of the pyramids in Egypt are located inside the pyramids.

Nubian pyramids

However, the Nubian pyramids are very different from the pyramids in Egypt in this sense. Because the burial chambers in the structures in Sudan are not inside the pyramids, but rather under them. In other words, although they were built in very close geographic areas and for similar purposes, the pyramids of Sudan differ from the pyramids in Egypt with important differences.

The Nubian pyramids are just as impressive as their Egyptian counterparts and have a deeply rooted history. However, the number of people who are aware of these impressive structures is extremely small.

Nubian pyramids

Ok but why? Of course, there are several reasons for this situation. First, Sudan lacks the means and resources to present the area and the pyramids to the world. In other words, it is very difficult to say that any activity is being carried out to develop the tourism sector in the region.

Sudan has been the scene of a bloody civil war for many years, and this is one of the reasons why the pyramids have not received the worldwide recognition they deserve.

Nubian pyramids

Sudan is a country of civil wars that began in 1955 and ended in 1972, then began in 1983 and ended in 2005, and finally from 2013 to 2020. For this reason, many countries show Sudan among the dangerous countries to travel to, even today. Accordingly, while Egypt achieves significant tourism income thanks to the Giza pyramids, which are visited by millions of tourists every year, Sudan is deprived of an important economic resource that it can use to develop and promote the Nuba region.

Nubian pyramids are in danger of extinction today

Nubian pyramids

Unfortunately, it seems impossible for the Sudanese government to preserve the Nubian pyramids in one piece, without tourism revenues and sustainable financial resources. On the other hand, the negative effects of climate change, sandstorms and other natural events that are strongly felt by people in the region cause irreparable damage to the pyramids.

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